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The monk Johannes Caioni (1629/1630 - 1687) was a forerunner of the Enlightenment era in Transylvania. In 1652 he received a music collection from his teacher as a reward for his good performances. Caioni receives the collection in incomplete form and took over the task of adding compositions, an activity that he continued until 1671. The collection  became known as the Caioni Codex.


The Caioni Codex portrays the very broad musical interests of the prosperous and cosmopolitan Transylvania at that time. It consists of an extensive and varied collection of no fewer than 346 (!) pieces.


However, it is not just about the amount of compositions per se, but rather about a number of beautiful pieces with virtuoso use of the (instrumental) parts, through colourful compositional techniques. An oasis for Black Pencil for the development of the new ‘Destination Transylvania’ program.



Destination Transylvania takes a selection from the music of the Caioni Codex as a guideline: motets by the great masters Claudio Monteverdi and Orlando di Lasso, Italian Fantasias by the Bolognese composer Adriano Banchieri and the Sicilian Alessandro Grandi, a western dance by the German Andreas Hammerschmidt, secular songs and smashing Romanian folk dances. The choice of repertoire is based on the potential for sound variation and difference in tempo, as well as the character and popularity of the selected works. These works served as inspiration to nowadays composers for the creation of new music, specially written for this concert programme.


Over the centuries, Transylvania has been inhabited by Romanians, Hungarians, Germans, Serbs, Slovaks, Gypsy's and others. It has long been a centre for folk music from all these different cultures. This phenomenon is also reflected in the Caioni Codex; 20 pieces of folk dance music appear in the collection. We have made a selection from our top 4. The arrangement are based on the use of rhythm and groove, very high and very low flutes, from garklein to sub-contrabass, use of flexible moods, sometimes delicate and virtuoso, another moments coarse and massive.




  •     Music from the 16th, 17th and 21st centuries (C. Monteverdi, O. Di Lasso, Martijn Padding, Kate Moore, Gabriel Malancioiu, Jorrit Tamminga a.o.)


  •     70-minutes concert (intermission possible)



Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643): O bone Jesu (published in 1582)


Dance in West European style 

Andreas Hammerschmidt (1611-1675): Balletha (published in 1670)


Contemporary music

Kate Moore (1979): New Work (2020)


Baroque instrumental music

Adriano Banchieri (1568-1634): Fantasia (published in 1670)

Alessandro Grandi (1590-1630): Phantasia (published in 1670)


Contemporary music

Martijn Padding (1956): Speed Ups, Bicinium (2019)


Secular  songs 

Anonymous  Dádé Zingaricum, Ex oraculo Palfico (published in 1670)

Anonymous  Dádé Zingaricum, Tikha vgordonaczka (published in 1670)



Orlando di Lasso (1532-1594): Magnificat primi toni (published in 1567)

Contemporary music

Fred Momotenko (1970): Danco Konsonanco (2018)


Folk dance

Anonymous  Chorea Polonica (1670)

Anonymous  Ötödik Tancz hatodon (published in 1670)

Contemporary music

Gabriel Malancioiu (1979): Can you find the Unmoving? (2020)

Folk dance

Anonymous  Apor Lazar Tancza (published in 1670)

Anonymous  Paikos Tancz (published in 1670)



With the O bone Jesu from Monteverdi, we recreate the exuberant Christmas celebrations of the Church of San Marco in 17th-century Venice, with a special instrumental version.


Di Lasso

With more than 100 works, the most productive composer of Magnificats -

Orlando di Lasso - could not be omitted from our selection of motets. In his beautiful Magnificat primi toni, we let the audience experience the wonderful vocal quality of the Black Pencil’s sound.



Andreas Hammerschmidt, alias the "Orpheus of Zittau", mainly wrote motets, concerts and arias. But some of his instrumental music survived thanks to the Caioni Codex. His Balletha is a dance that is strongly influenced by the English style, which reigned in northern Germany at the time.



The set of 'Fantasia' in the program consists of rare works by Adriano Banchieri (best known for his compositions of 'madrigal comedy' and 'canzonettas') and by Alessandro Grandi (his works were almost as influential as those of Monteverdi, the largest part of his music consisted of motets in concertanto style). Their Fantasia’s are very light and shiny.

Folk music Translyvania

The two secular songs Dádé Zingaricum immediately take the listener to the Balkan tradition. You feel the strong Ottoman influence in the music. They are simple, repetitive melodies, with a single direction in the musical build up. It is the kind of music you hear for the first time, but it gives you the feeling that you have known it for ages (!) Dádé Zingaricum puts a seductive Gypsy taste to the program.

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